At a Glance


Colombia, South America's fourth-largest country, has an area of 440,000 square miles (1.14 million square kilometers). Its population of 44.7 million (2011 estimate) is the third largest in all of Latin America, and its workforce of 21.27 million is occupied in services (68%), agriculture (18%) and industry (13%). With a diverse climate and topography that permit the cultivation of a wide variety of crops, Colombia is the hemisphere's largest agricultural export market after the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) countries.

Financial Facts

  • Estimated GDP (2010) of US$435.4 billion or US$9,800 per capita
  • GDP grew 4.3% from 2009-2010
  • Services account for 52.7% of GDP
  • Industry generates 38% of GDP. Major industries include textiles, food processing, oil, clothing and footwear, beverages, chemicals, cement, gold, coal, and emeralds.
  • Agriculture generates 9.3% of GDP. Major crops include coffee, cut flowers, bananas, rice, tobacco, corn, sugarcane, cocoa beans, oilseed, vegetables, forest products, and shrimp