Argentina's history of frequent governmental changes has contributed to the consistency with which export laws, regulations, processes and procedures have changed. For this reason, even during periods of administrative stability, it is always a good idea not to rely on your knowledge of past processes and procedures. In fact, owing to the complexity of these transactions, you may wish to contract a Customs broker to assist you in completing all procedures accurately and in compliance with the latest rules and regulations.
You should also be aware that while Argentina participates actively in the global economy, both through export and import activity, it is very protective of its national productivity levels and, in that interest, has implemented some protectionist policies designed to regulate import levels.
Export and Import Facts
- Argentina had a $16.7 billion trade surplus in 2009
- Foreign trade was approximately 31% of GDP in 2009 (up from only 10% in 1990)
- Exports totaled approximately 18% of GDP in 2009 (up from 15% in 2002)
- Key Export Markets: MERCOSUR (25% of exports), the EU (19%), and NAFTA countries (9%)
- The production of grains, cattle, and other agricultural goods continues to be the backbone of Argentina's export economy
- High-technology goods and services are emerging as significant export sectors
Export/ Import Resources
Fundacion ExportAr, a public-private sector joint venture, was created to help the business community in its efforts to commercialize products competitively at the international level. With offices in 120 embassies and consulates, its network extends throughout the world. Although there is no English-language online listing of contacts in each of its offices, DHL recommends that you contact the embassy or consulate in your city or country to speak with your local ExportAr representative.
This will give you access to information in your native language about the Argentine market and the opportunities it offers your business.This website, sponsored by the Argentine Chamber of Exporters, offers a range of resources related to such topics and services as business opportunities, logistics guides, information about standardization and certification, export quality management, and trade promotion. It is published in English, Spanish and Portuguese.
Argentina's bilateral chambers of commerce offer opportunities for networking that can help you establish new connections with importers in Argentina or with businesses in other countries whose goods you want to import.
Bilateral chambers of commerce in Argentina include:
This international business network offers a variety of services, including sector/industry development both within individual countries and internationally. Its members include businesses in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico, Panama and Venezuela.
This World Bank table provides a breakdown of the number of days required for each step in the process of exporting goods from Argentina or importing goods into Argentina.